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SCOTLAND.BATTLE OF ANCRUM MOOR 27th January 1545

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Hey folks yet another battle fought in Scotland.

In the period following the battle of Flodden (1513) an uneasy truce existed between Scotland and England, but in 1542 the tensions once more erupted into open conflict. Following its Reformation in 1534, England stood independent from Catholic Europe. In response Pope Paul III sought an alliance between Scotland, France and the Holy Roman Empire against England.

After failed negotiation with the Scottish king, in October 1542 Henry VIII sent an English army some 20,000 into Scotland, where they burnt Kelso and Roxburgh. In reply, James V of Scotland raised an army of some 18,000 troops in the west and headed for Carlisle, but was defeated in November at Solway Moss by a much smaller English force. After the death of James V, Henry aimed to unify the two kingdoms by seeking the marriage of the one year old Scottish Queen Mary to his own son, Prince Edward. When his proposals failed he pursued the matter through force of arms - the so call…

SCOTTISH BATTLES . Battle of Auldearn

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Battle of Auldearn
9th May 1645

The Covenanter government of Scotland had entered into alliance with the English parliament and entered the Civil War in England in early 1644. The Scottish army had a major impact in the campaign for the north of England. In response, following the royalists’ dramatic defeat at Marston Moor (Yorkshire, July 1644), the King appointed the Marquis of Montrose as his military commander in Scotland. On 28th August 1644 Montrose raised the royal standard. Often with an army of little more than 2000 troops he fought a campaign in which he won a series of dramatic victories in the Highlands against the Covenanter forces. Heavily outnumbered, time and again he effectively exploited the terrain to outmanoeuvre his enemy, defeating them at Tippermuir, Aberdeen, Fyvie and Inverlochy.

When in April he attempted an assault on Dundee a Covenanter army under Baillie responded. Montrose retreated north and an army under Hurry was dispatched in pursuit, getting between the…
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