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THE HISTORY OF THE SCOTTISH BAGPIPES

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The Piob Mhor, or the Great Highland Bagpipes

by Ben Johnson

How bagpipes arrived in Scotland is somewhat of a mystery.

Some historians believe that bagpipes originate from ancient Egypt and were brought to Scotland by invading Roman Legions. Others maintain that the instrument was brought over the water by the colonising Scots tribes from Ireland.

Ancient Egypt does appear to have prior claim to the instrument however; from as early as 400 BC the ‘pipers of Thebes’ are reported to have been blowing pipes made from dog skin with chanters of bone. And several hundred years later, one of the most famous exponents of the pipes is said to have been the great Roman Emperor Nero, who may well have been piping rather than fiddling whilst Rome burned.

What is certain however is that bagpipes have existed in various forms in many places around the world. In each country the construction of the basic instrument comprises the same component parts; an air supply, a bag with a chanter and one or more d…

EDINBURGH CASTLE. IN SCOTLAND.

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Hey folks.
When I lived in Edinburgh I was about a 10 minute walk away from this glorious landmark.
It is simply beautiful and the views are exceptional from the castle keep.
Edinburgh Castle has played a pivotal role in Scottish history, both as a royal residence – King Malcolm Canmore (r 1058–93) and Queen Margaret first made their home here in the 11th century – and as a military stronghold. The castle last saw military action in 1745; from then until the 1920s it served as the British army's main base in Scotland. Today it is one of Scotland's most atmospheric and popular tourist attractions.



The brooding, black crags of Castle Rock, rising above the western end of Princes St, are the very reason for Edinburgh's existence. This rocky hill was the most easily defended hilltop on the invasion route between England and central Scotland, a route followed by countless armies from the Roman legions of the 1st and 2nd centuries AD to the Jacobite troops of Bonnie Prince Charlie i…

Battle of Aberdeen II 13th September 1644

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Battle of Aberdeen II13th September 1644



The Covenanter government of Scotland had allied itself with the English parliament and had entered the war in England in early 1644, the Scottish army having a dramatic impact in the campaign for the north of England. In response, following the royalists’ dramatic defeat at Marston Moor (Yorkshire, July 1644), the King appointed the Marquis of Montrose as his military commander in Scotland. On 28th August 1644 Montrose raised the royal standard and with little more than 2000 troops fought a campaign in which he was to win a series of dramatic successes in the Highlands against the Covenanter forces. Montrose began a campaign intended to present such a threat to the Covenanter government that they would have to recall Leven’s Scottish army from England, and thus swing the balance of the war there back in the royalist favour. In Scotland he might even, in the long run, manage to topple the government and install a regime favourable to the king. Mo…

THE HAGGIS SCOTTISH DELICACY.

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This poem was written by Burns to celebrate his appreciation of the Haggis. As a result Burns and Haggis have been forever linked.
This particular poem is always the first item on the programme of Burns' suppers. The haggis is generally carried in on a silver salver at the start of the proceedings.
As it is brought to the table a piper plays a suitable, rousing accompaniment.
One of the invited artistes then recites the poem before the theatrical cutting of the haggis with the ceremonial knife.





















THIS IS THE POEM AND THE TRANSLATION LOL.. ENJOY.

Address to a Haggis
Fair fa' your honest, sonsie face,
Great chieftain o the puddin'-race!
Aboon them a' ye tak your place,
Painch, tripe, or thairm:
Weel are ye worthy o' a grace
As lang's my arm.
The groaning trencher there ye fill,
Your hurdies like a distant hill,
Your pin wad help to mend a mill
In time o need,
While thro your pores the dews distil
Like amber bead.
His knife see rustic Labour dight,
An cut you up wi ready slight…

KINGS AND QUEENS OF SCOTLAND PART 2

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Hi folks, hope you enjoyed the post on Scottish Monarchs part 1 please enjoy part 2.


Introduction
This page covers all the kings and queens of Scotland from Robert the Bruce in 1306 up to the Union of the Parliaments in 1707 in the reign of Queen Anne. The dates shown beside each entry relates to the years in which they reigned. Part 1 of this feature describes the monarchs from earliest times up to King John. There is also a further page showing a chronology of all the kings and queens of Scotland, England, United Kingdom and France.
Robert I (1306-1329)
Robert the Bruce's grandfather, Robert Bruce of Annandale, who had estates in Huntingdon as well as Scotland, was one of the claimants to the throne of Scotland on the death of Queen Margaret, Maid of Norway, in 1290 (he was a descendant of King Alexander II). On the death of his father, the Earl of Carrick, Robert was reputedly the richest man in England. In 1306, after a quarrel and murdering John Comyn, Robert declared himself Kin…

KINGS AND QUEENS OF SCOTLAND.PART 1

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Hi folks, here is some more History of Scotland with the KINGS AND QUEENS.


Introduction
This page covers all the kings and queens of Scotland in sequence up to the end of the 13th century. Part 2 covers from Robert the Bruce to Union of the Parliaments in 1707. The dates shown beside each entry relate to the years in which they reigned (although in the early years historians are sometimes uncertain of the precise dates). There is also a further page showing a chronology of all the kings and queens of Scotland, England, United Kingdom and France.
The Early Years
Following the final withdrawal of the Romans from Scotland in the 4th century, there were a number of tribal groupings whose boundaries changed over the centuries. In the north, the Picts covered the Highlands and parts of the Lowlands as far as Angus, Fife and Stirling. Although little is known of the Picts and apart from late lists of kings written in Latin, they left no written record. The earliest king who is more than just a n…

THE BATTLE OF CARBERRY HILL

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Hi folks, welcome, this is another famous Scottish Battle, I hope you enjoy and get an insight into Scottish battles.

Part of Mary, Queen of Scots Civil War
Mary Q Scots 1567.JPG
Commemorative Stone at Carberry marking the site of the conflict
Date15 June 1567
LocationCarberry Hill, near Musselburgh, East Lothian, Scotland
ResultVictory for opponents of Mary, Queen of Scots
Belligerents
Forces loyal to Mary, Queen of ScotsForces opposed to Mary, Queen of Scots
Commanders and leaders
James Hepburn, 4th Earl of BothwellWilliam Kirkcaldy of Grange
Strength
2,000, including
200 musketeers
300 pikemen2,000
Casualties and losses
UnknownUnknown
[show] v t e
Mary, Queen of Scots feuds
The Battle of Carberry Hill took place on 15 June 1567, near Musselburgh, East Lothian, a few miles east of Edinburgh, Scotland. A number of Scottish lords objected to the rule of Mary, Queen of Scots after she had married the Earl of Bothwell, who was widely believed to have murdered her previous husband Lord Darnley. The Lords w…

SCOTLAND.BATTLE OF ANCRUM MOOR 27th January 1545

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Hey folks yet another battle fought in Scotland.

In the period following the battle of Flodden (1513) an uneasy truce existed between Scotland and England, but in 1542 the tensions once more erupted into open conflict. Following its Reformation in 1534, England stood independent from Catholic Europe. In response Pope Paul III sought an alliance between Scotland, France and the Holy Roman Empire against England.

After failed negotiation with the Scottish king, in October 1542 Henry VIII sent an English army some 20,000 into Scotland, where they burnt Kelso and Roxburgh. In reply, James V of Scotland raised an army of some 18,000 troops in the west and headed for Carlisle, but was defeated in November at Solway Moss by a much smaller English force. After the death of James V, Henry aimed to unify the two kingdoms by seeking the marriage of the one year old Scottish Queen Mary to his own son, Prince Edward. When his proposals failed he pursued the matter through force of arms - the so call…

SCOTTISH BATTLES . Battle of Auldearn

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Battle of Auldearn
9th May 1645

The Covenanter government of Scotland had entered into alliance with the English parliament and entered the Civil War in England in early 1644. The Scottish army had a major impact in the campaign for the north of England. In response, following the royalists’ dramatic defeat at Marston Moor (Yorkshire, July 1644), the King appointed the Marquis of Montrose as his military commander in Scotland. On 28th August 1644 Montrose raised the royal standard. Often with an army of little more than 2000 troops he fought a campaign in which he won a series of dramatic victories in the Highlands against the Covenanter forces. Heavily outnumbered, time and again he effectively exploited the terrain to outmanoeuvre his enemy, defeating them at Tippermuir, Aberdeen, Fyvie and Inverlochy.

When in April he attempted an assault on Dundee a Covenanter army under Baillie responded. Montrose retreated north and an army under Hurry was dispatched in pursuit, getting between the…